Friday, September 12, 2008

Why A Woman Can't Marry More Than One Husband At A Time

Men and women are different, physiologically and psychologically. Their roles and responsibilities are different. Men and women are equal in Islam, but not identical.

Surah Nisa’ Chapter 4 verses 22 to 24 gives the list of women with who you can not marry and it is further mentions in Surah Nisa’ Chapter 4 verse 24
"Also (prohibited are) women already married."
The following points enumerate the reasons why polyandry is prohibited in Islam:

1. If a man has more than one wife, the parents of the children born of such marriages can easily be identified. The father as well as the mother can easily be identified. In case of a woman marrying more than one husband, only the mother of the children born of such marriages will be identified and not the father. Islam gives tremendous importance to the identification of both parents, mother and father. Psychologists tell us that children who do not know their parents, especially their father undergo severe mental trauma and disturbances. Often they have an unhappy childhood.

2. Man is more polygamous by nature as compared to a woman.

3. Biologically, it is easier for a man to perform his duties as a husband despite having several wives. A woman, in a similar position, having several husbands, will not find it possible to perform her duties as a wife. A woman undergoes several psychological and behavioral changes due to different phases at a certain time.

4. A woman who has more than one husband will have several partners at the same time and has a high chance of acquiring venereal or transmitted diseases which can also be transmitted back to her husband even if all of them have no extra-marital relation. This is not the case in a man having more than one wife, and none of them having extra-marital relation.

5. Having more than one husband per woman could destroy the social fabric in society and even cause moral decay. For the most part it is counter to our (i.e. men and women) nature to accept such a setup. Typically the nature of men does not allow them to share their brides and the competitiveness may render such a relationship impossible. This of course leads to the mention of the disparity between the populations of men versus women. Clearly in most societies women outnumber men and if such a condition were to be practiced the balance of the community would be in disarray. Thus it is the prohibition of nature that does not allow such a condition.

The above reasons are those that one can easily identify. There are probably many more reasons why Allah, in His Infinite Wisdom, has prohibited polyandry.


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